Developing a global understanding of the PRC and NuRD complexes in stem cell differentiation and in disease

Perspective on unraveling the versatility of 'co-repressor' complexes - Vermeulen Lab (2015)

A multitude of post-translational modifications take place on histones, one of the best studied being acetylation on lysine residues, which is generally associated with gene activation. During the last decades, several so-called co-repressor protein complexes that carry out the reverse process, histone deacetylation, have been identified and characterized, such as the Sin3, N-CoR/SMRT and NuRD complexes. Although a repressive role for these complexes in regulating gene expression is well established, accumulating evidence also points to a role in gene activation. Here, we argue that integration of various state-of-the-art technologies, addressing different aspects of transcriptional regulation, is essential to unravel this apparent biological versatility of 'co-repressor' complexes. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.