Developing a global understanding of the PRC and NuRD complexes in stem cell differentiation and in disease

Insight into the Architecture of the NuRD Complex: Structure of the RbAp48-MTA1 subcomplex — Laue, Vermeulen, and collaborator labs (2014)

Saad S. M. Alqarni et al. (Michiel Vermeulen, Ernest D. Laue)

The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex is a widely conserved transcriptional co-regulator that harbors both nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase activities. It plays a critical role in the early stages of ES cell differentiation and the reprogramming of somatic to induced pluripotent stem cells. Abnormalities in several NuRD proteins are associated with cancer and aging. We have investigated the architecture of NuRD by determining the structure of a subcomplex comprising RbAp48 and MTA1. Surprisingly, RbAp48 recognizes MTA1 using the same site that it uses to bind histone H4, showing that assembly into NuRD modulates RbAp46/48 interactions with histones. Taken together with other results, our data show that the MTA proteins act as scaffolds for NuRD complex assembly. We further show that the RbAp48-MTA1 interaction is essential for the in vivo integration of RbAp46/48 into the NuRD complex.

Journal Biological Chemistry (2014) 289: 21844-55  DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.558940

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